The Chaophraya Dialogue is primarily meant to give informed members of the strategic community in India and Pakistan an opportunity to interact with each other on a sustained basis. Past participants in the Chaophraya Dialogue have included senior former officials (Including Ambassadors, Foreign Secretaries, Intelligence Chiefs and top-ranking members of the Armed Forces), academics, journalists and political leaders from India and Pakistan. Initiated before the Mumbai attacks of 26/11, the process played a critical role in bringing together senior interlocutors from the two countries when the official dialogue process was suspended. Since then, the Chaophraya Dialogue has encouraged participants to share the conclusions of each round with their respective governments.

There have been many efforts in recent years to establish greater Indo-Pak peace and understanding through Track II dialogues that have contributed towards an increased level of understanding between the two countries. The Chaophraya Dialogue draws from a growing international community of stakeholders committed to Indo-Pak peace and has attempted to innovate its conference agendas by addressing the rapidly changing bilateral dynamic on the ground. The liberalized visa and trade regimes are the result of sustained efforts at the Track II level, but new avenues of cooperation and mutual learning need to be explored to make these gains permanent.

The process has so far led to twenty six rounds of dialogue and is now entering its eleventh year.